Alice Paul 
By Kathleen McFadden

     Another important figure in the suffrage movement and even more radical than Susan B. Anthony and Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul(born on Jan. 11, 1885) joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association but considered the group too mainstream. She broke free and founded another suffrage organization, the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, through which she organized first major suffragist parade on the eve of Woodrow Wilson's inauguration, picketed the White House, and staged hunger strikes. She was arrested several times and even placed in solitary confinement in a mental hospital. She founded the National Women's Party and led the organization for 30 years. In 1923, she drafted the Equal Rights Amendment and worked for its passage until her death in 1977. Largely through her influence, the ERA made it through Congress in the 1970s, but the amendment was not ratified by two-thirds of the states and so did not become law.